Wood was used as a construction material for centuries, being next only to rock concerning its rich and storied history in the realm of construction. The chemical components of timber are inherently complicated, but even regardless of the struggle, human beings have harnessed the distinctive features of timber to construct a seemingly endless range of constructions. This exceptionally versatile substance is often utilized to create homes, shelters and ships, but it’s also widely utilized in furniture and decorations such as this vertical timber screen.
Maybe among the biggest benefits of using wood as a construction material is it is a natural source, which makes it easily available and economically viable. It’s remarkably powerful with regard to its weight, and it provides great insulation in the cold. Wood is highly machinable, and may be fabricated into all types of sizes and shapes to match any structure requirement. Wood is also the ideal example of an environmentally sustainable merchandise; it’s biodegradable and renewable and conveys the cheapest carbon footprint of any similar building material. Additionally, no high energy fossil fuels are used to make timber, unlike other common building materials like brick, steel or vinyl.
LUMBER OR TIMBER?
The words “timber” and “wood” are frequently used interchangeably to refer to timber used in building work, but there’s been considerable debate about which term should employ in a specific scenario. Pieces of wood which are smaller than 5 inches wide by 5 inches thick (regardless of duration ) are usually known as timber. These bits are machine-planed and sewn to match particular dimensional specifications (e.g., 2×4 “, 2×8″, etc.) and are mostly utilized in residential building. Pieces of wood more than 5 inches wide by 5 inches thick (regardless of duration ) are known as timber and some other wood pieces that transcend 8″ wide by 8” thick are also known as beams. As wood pieces are bigger in size, they are generally utilized to build the frames of large structures like bridges and buildings. Timber can be commonly utilized in massive amounts for railroad ties, mine shaft supports and crossbeams on architectural trusses.
Another kind of wood widely utilized in building is called engineered wood. As its title suggests, engineered wood is the product of a more complex fabrication process by which different wood strands, crowns, fibers, or other kinds of wood are glued together to produce a kind of composite material that’s utilized for particular building applications. Frequent examples of engineered timber comprise plywood, glued laminated timber (a.k.a.”glulam”), oriented strand board, fiberboard, and particleboard. Engineered wood products are widely utilized in a huge array of residential, industrial and commercial building projects.
KINDS OF WOOD
Wood has traditionally been categorized into two key classes: Hardwood (almost any leaf-bearing-tree) and softwood (almost any cone-bearing shrub). Just like the majority of other general categories, this may become somewhat confusing because of the fact that there are a number of leaf-bearing trees which could have comparatively soft wood, though some coniferous trees which could have quite hard wood. Broadly, however, hardwoods are by and large regarded as thicker and more compact than softwoods. Hardwoods are widely utilized in the building of modern suspended ceilings, regular ceilings, walls and floors, while softwoods are frequently utilized to produce doors, window and furniture frames. A few examples of the very popular hardwoods include oak, walnut, cherry, walnut, cherry, and walnut. Commonly used softwoods include walnut, hickory, shore, ash, birch, and cedar.
ADVANTAGES OF WOOD IN CONSTRUCTION
Wood conveys several advantages which make it a superb candidate to be used in a full variety of building jobs. 1 such advantage is its thermal properties, which give it an edge concerning its resistance to elevated temperatures. Unlike steel, that may enlarge or even fall in heat, timber really dries out and becomes even more powerful as the heat rises. Additionally, the heat conductivity of timber is relatively low compared to other materials like marble, aluminum, steel, or glass. This provides wood an edge in terms of being used in a variety of applications such as games, hardware gear handles, wall coverings, and ceilings.
Wood also comprises highly-sought-after acoustic components. It can absorb noise and echoes, and it is a favourite material of choice for the building of structures where appropriate acoustics are significant, like concert halls. Wood is resistant to electric currents, which makes it an optimum material for electric insulation. One other important feature of timber is that its tensile strength, which will be the way it can flex under pressure without breaking up. Wood, especially the laminated variant is light in proportion to its tensile strength, which makes it the preferred building alternative for surfaces which take a constant beating like basketball courts and bowling lanes. Tensile strength can also be one of the chief reasons for picking wood for a construction material; its unusually powerful qualities make it the ideal alternative for heavy-duty construction materials like structural beams.
Of the numerous building materials a person could select from wood stands out as a distinctive and amazingly versatile item. Its aesthetic appeal, electrical power, insulation attributes, and simplicity of manufacturing allow it to remain a favourite option for use in a broad collection of construction programs.